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How Mastication (Chewing) Improves Brain Function

Mastication, or chewing, can play a huge part in stimulating our brain for enhanced cognitive function. That’s because there is a large number of neural connections running from our mouth to our brain. Quite a significant part of our brain is dedicated to interpreting somatosensory information and to orchestrating the motor movements of our lips, mouth, […]

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Neurotrophins are a family of proteins that influence neurons through cell signaling. Specifically, neurotrophins bind to a cell’s receptors to “send a message” to the cells, and thereby cause a reaction or change from the cell. And neurotrophins bind to two classes of receptors: the p75, and the Trk families of Tyrosine kinase receptors. p75 […]

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Neurotransmitters VS Neuromodulators

In this article, I will explain what a neurotransmitter is, what a neuromodulator is, and the differences between neurotransmitters vs neuromodulators in their function, target receptors, neuron transmission, & neuronal communication. Generally speaking, a neurotransmitter is a chemical used for neuron to neuron communication, whereas a neuromodulator is a chemical that affects the neurotransmission of […]

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BDNF, or Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor is a protein that acts on specific neurons of the Central Nervous System (CNS, which is the brain and spinal cord) and the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS, which is outside the brain and spinal cord). BDNF is a neurotrophin, where neurotrophins like BDNF functions to improve the survival of existing […]

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